Ken Wilber: To his wisdom, his
AQAL maps, and the firestorm
his work has ignited in human
consciousness, we are forever
grateful ~ Mick and Debora.
A B O U T I N T E G R A L
an American author and philosopher whose work formulates
what he calls Integral Theory. Ken is the founder of the
Integral Institute, for teaching and applications of
Integral theory. Ken has written over 25 books that have
been translated into 57 languages.
word integral means comprehensive, inclusive,
non-marginalizing, embracing. Integral approaches to any
field attempt to be exactly that: to include as many
perspectives, styles, and methodologies as possible
within a coherent view of the topic. In a certain sense,
integral approaches are meta-paradigms, or ways to
draw together an already existing number of separate
paradigms into an interrelated network of approaches
that are mutually enriching." Ken Wilber
Ken Wilber, the founder of integral theory, has also
published 25 books over the past 30 years and is
continually evolving the integral model that emerged
from his work. Integral theory weaves together the
significant insights from all the major human
disciplines of knowledge, including cultural
anthropology, philosophy, sociology of religion,
physics, healthcare, environmental studies, science and
religion, and postmodernism.
from the artwork of Steve Self
Integral is based on common sense simplicity and reveals
that most languages in the world share the pronouns
I, we, it, and its. So, there
are at least four essential ways in which we can look at
any challenge or opportunity.
Integral theory provides a way of linking, leveraging,
and aligning the irreducible aspects of reality so that
these perspectives can help us with the problems and
prospects we are facing.
Figure 1: At least four perspectives
For example: When at a wedding ceremony, which
perspective is correct?
Of course, your I perspective of emotions and
beliefs is correct. But, so is the shared perspective of
the We, the cultural and religious significance of
such an event. Also correct would be the It
perspective which sees the behavioral and physiological
dimension as viewed from the outside. And finally, the
Its perspective is also correct since it allows
for the inclusion of the social and systemic aspects of
such an event. All correct, all partial, an integral
view provides the map of that reality so that nothing is
overlooked and no one perspective excludes others.
And, it is good to note that no one perspective can
include the entire picture and that no one perspective
can fully understand another. To be fully present to an
event, the view must include an integral perspective.
All four views are correct, but individually no one of
them offers the complete picture of any reality.
2: Four correct yet partial dimensions to reality.
According to integral theory, at least four irreducible perspectives must be consulted when attempting to fully
understand any aspect of reality, any problem or
opportunity presented to us. Since these four
perspectives or dimensions of reality arise
simultaneously, this means we will be leaving out or
missing some key information that may enrich our
experience and potential if we neglect any of the four
calls these the 4
Quadrants. And notice, too, that a 4 quadrant view
allows us to view any situation from two fundamental
distinctions: 1) an inside and an outside perspective
and 2) from a singular and plural perspective.
the Integral School we teach these perspective to allow
rapid development of the perspectives of the students.
For more on the work of Ken Wilber and Integral please see:
is a republic. It is 108,890 square kilometers (42,042 square
miles), thats about the size of Virginia, half the size of the
UK and a little bigger than Ireland. Guatemala is the next country
south of Mexico and with a population of 14 million people, it is
the second most densely populated country in Central America.
Visit CIA factbook website about Guatemala
*Ken Wilber in not personally involved with the work
of The Integral Heart Foundation.